Τετάρτη, 24 Οκτωβρίου 2012

Carrasco International Airport by Rafael Viñoly



New York architects Rafael Viñoly have completed an airport with a curved roof in Montevideo, Uruguay.


Called Carrasco International Airport, the project features a curved roof spanning over 365 metres.


Arrivals pass through a glazed mezzanine level before descending to the ground floor and departures are processed on the first floor.


A public terrace and restaurant on the second floor provide views over the runway and concourse.


The airport is due to open next month.

Here’s some more information from the architects:


RAFAEL VIÑOLY DESIGNS NEW CARRASCO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT IN MONTEVIDEO, URUGUAY

Rafael Viñoly Architects has designed the new Carrasco International Airport in Montevideo, Uruguay. This is the firm’s first completed airport and its largest project in Viñoly’s home country. The airport will become operational in December this year.


The new terminal at Carrasco International Airport, which serves Uruguay’s capital city of Montevideo, was created to expand capacity and spur commercial growth and tourism in the surrounding region. The design of the building emphasizes its public zones and amenities, providing these areas with an abundance of open space and natural light. Arriving travellers, for example, pass through a fully glazed mezzanine level that helps orient them to the terminal space before they descend to immigration, the baggage claim, and customs. A public, landscaped terrace and a restaurant occupy the second floor, providing sweeping views of the runway and the main concourse.


Rafael Viñoly Architects’ design elevates the public zones, both on the fully accessible roadside departure hall and terrace and the secure runway-side concourses, and houses everything beneath a curved, 1,200-foot-long roof. The gentle curve and low profile of this monolithic roof help integrate the building into its site. The exterior’s flowing lines and undulating geometry resemble the natural landscape of Uruguay, making it not only an iconic architectural structure, but a symbolic one as well.

Inside the building, arrivals and departures are separated vertically: arrivals on the ground floor, and departures on the first floor, with vehicular access roads for passenger drop-off and pick-up servicing each level independently. An open atrium adjacent to the street entrance opens the ground floor to the monumental space of the main hall, visually and spatially linking the beginning and ending stages of a traveler’s journey. The roof provides a canopy over these access roads on the land-side of the building, and on the air-side it opens up to give wide views of the airfield and countryside beyond.


In keeping with a long tradition of grand transportation halls, the departures level is one large space. With glazing on all four sides and thin structural supports, the roof appears to float above the building. The departures level features the public concourse and the secure passenger concourse; each is separated by the security checkpoint and immigration control at the center of the plan. After completing check-in and security procedures, departing travelers have access to duty-free shopping and restaurants in the waiting areas. Four fixed, elevated pedestrian bridges with articulating corridors, accommodating a total of eight passenger gates, connect the passenger concourse to narrow- and wide-body aircraft and provide access to the apron for smaller planes.

“In Uruguay, friends and family still come to greet you at the airport or see you off,” says Rafael Viñoly, “so this terminal provides great spaces for the people who aren’t travelling as well as those who are. The atrium, the main hall, the terrace, and the passenger concourse make this a dramatic and welcoming place for everyone.”






The space inside Carrasco International is light and airy, making full use of natural light.


The new Carrasco terminal building.


There are excellent views of the runway from the airside of the new Carrasco terminal.


The curved roof of Carrasco International Airport lends a low profile and helps to blend the building into the surroundings.



Carrasco International Airport by Rafael Viñoly Architects, photo by Daniela Mac Adden


Carrasco International Airport by Rafael Viñoly Architects, photo by Daniela Mac Adden

Carrasco International Airport by Rafael Viñoly Architects, photo by Daniela Mac Adden





Photo courtesy Rafael Viñoly Architects

Drawing courtesy Rafael Viñoly Architects
Site Plan

Drawing courtesy Rafael Viñoly Architects
Plan Level 1

Drawing courtesy Rafael Viñoly Architects
Plan Level 2

Drawing courtesy Rafael Viñoly Architects
Latitudinal Section

Drawing courtesy Rafael Viñoly Architects
Longitudinal Section

Total area: 32,000 square meters
Expected completion: 2009

Client: Puerta del Sur
Lead Designer: Rafael Viñoly
Structural Engineers: Thornton Tomasetti Group
Mechanical Engineer: Luis Lagomarsino & Ass.
Electrical Engineer: Ing. Ricardo Hofstadter
Plumbing Engineer: Estudio Jack Yaffe Berro

Rafael Viñoly Architects arcspace features












Car­ras­co is a town­ship just a few miles outs­ide of Mon­te­vi­deo, the ca­pi­tal of Uru­gu­ay. The coun­try's lar­gest air­port has been si­tua­ted here since 1947. With a new ter­mi­nal, the ope­ra­tors aim to pro­mo­te tou­rism and ex­pand the air­port's po­si­ti­on as a hub of South Ame­ri­can air traf­fic. The New-York-ba­sed ar­chi­tect Ra­fa­el Viñoly rea­li­sed his first air­port buil­ding here in his na­ti­ve coun­try. The wing-li­ke, ar­ched roof and the fi­ligree, tu­bu­lar-steel sup­port struc­tu­res ce­le­bra­te the aes­t­he­tics of avia­ti­on, the­r­e­by es­ta­blis­hing a link with his­to­ri­cal pre­de­ces­sors such as the TWA Flight Cen­ter by Saa­ri­nen in New York. The Car­ras­co ter­mi­nal went ope­ra­tio­nal in De­cem­ber 2009 and has a ca­pa­ci­ty of around 3 mil­li­on pas­sen­gers per year.

The wing-li­ke roof con­struc­tion mea­su­res 365 metres and spans over the all-round gla­zed de­par­tu­re hall. To crea­te a flo­wing tran­si­ti­on to the outs­ide, the il­lu­mi­na­ti­on of the roof in­si­de and out has been ca­re­ful­ly fi­ne-tu­n­ed. For the can­ti­le­ver­ed roof, Power­cast pro­jec­tors with 150W metal ha­li­de lamps are moun­ted on the grounds along the ap­proach road. Their Sphe­ro­lit re­flec­tors with the "oval flood" cha­rac­te­ris­tic com­bi­ne to achie­ve a soft, uni­form il­lu­mi­na­ti­on.

The ac­tu­al de­par­tu­re lounge is a mo­nu­men­tal, bright room. The cei­ling's in­di­rect il­lu­mi­na­ti­on lends light­ness to the roof sur­face gi­ving it a floa­ting fee­ling, an ef­fect achie­ved by hund­reds of Pars­co­op cei­ling wa­sh­lights moun­ted on the tu­bu­lar-steel sup­port struc­tu­res. Fit­ted with high­ly ef­fi­ci­ent metal ha­li­de lamps, these lu­mi­n­ai­res en­su­re that this light­ing so­lu­ti­on pro­vi­des ef­fi­ci­ent vi­su­al com­fort and eco­no­mi­cal con­nec­tion fi­gu­res of just 14W/m².


But it is not only in the cen­tral hall that ERCO light­ing tools are used: ERCO's track-moun­ted Optec spot­lights are also in­stal­led in the de­par­tu­re gates, again fit­ted with ef­fi­ci­ent metal ha­li­de lamps.



http://www.erco.com/projects/traffic/carrasco-international-airport-4861/en/intro-1.php



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